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CESG Seminar: Hardware Trojans Begone: Inspiring Trust in Outsourced IC Fabrication

February 3 @ 4:10 am - 5:10 pm

Room 222 Civil Engr. Building (CVE)

Dr. Siddharth Garg

Abstract: Only a few semiconductor foundries (“fabs”) have the capability to fabricate integrated circuits (IC) using state-of-the-art fabrication technology. Most chip design companies outsource fabrication to one of these advanced foundries, typically located off-shore. However, this comes at the expense of trust.

How can the designer ensure the integrity of the ICs fabricated by an untrusted foundry? Malicious modifications of an IC, so-called “hardware Trojans” have become a major source of concern for both defense agencies and contractors, and commercial IC design companies.

In this talk, I will discuss a new approach for inspiring trust in outsourced IC fabrication. The idea (referred to as “split fabrication”) is to leverage a second chip, fabricated at a low-end but trusted on-shore foundry, to guarantee the integrity of the high-end but untrusted chip.

We will discuss two different (and orthogonal ways) in which split fabrication can be deployed to inspire trust in outsourced IC fabrication: to deter malicious modifications, or to detect modifications in the field. Compared to prior art, these approaches are the first to provide formal security guarantee, even for arbitrary Trojan misbehavior.

[This talk covers work that was presented at the USENIX Security Symposium 2013, and IEEE S&P 2016]

Bio: Siddharth Garg is an Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at New York University. His research interests are secure and reliable computing, with a focus on hardware security. For his work on hardware security, Siddharth was listed in Popular Science Magazine’s list of “Brilliant Ten” researchers for 2016, received the NSF CAREER Award in 2015, and paper awards at the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2016 and the USENIX Security Symposium 2013.

Siddharth received his Ph.D. degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in 2009, where he was recognized with Angel G. Jordan Award for outstanding thesis contributions, an M.S. from Stanford University and a B.Tech. degree from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras. From 2010-2014, Siddharth was an Assistant Professor at the University of Waterloo, Canada.

Host: Dr. Gratz

Details

Date:
February 3, 2017
Time:
4:10 am - 5:10 pm